New BI Report Highlights Troubling Trends in Youth of Color Incarceration

Incarceration is not the solution, it is the problem.

This week, the Burns Institute joined communities, schools, youth programs and organizations across the nation in the National Week of Action Against Incarcerating Youth to raise awareness of the dangers of the school-to-prison pipeline and the importance of ending the incarceration of all youth.

We are participating in the week of action by drawing attention to disturbing trends in the incarceration of youth of color with the release of our new report, Stemming the Rising Tide: Racial & Ethnic Disparities in Youth Incarceration and Strategies for Change.

The long-term consequences of youthful misbehavior for youth of color are numerous and oftentimes, extreme. Most young people are allowed to grow out of these behaviors without getting entangled in the justice system. Yet, youth of color are more likely to be arrested, prosecuted, sentenced, and incarcerated for these behaviors than are their White peers.

While the overall rate of incarceration of all youth has decreased by 55% since 1997, the rate of incarceration of youth of color continues to rise, marking an alarming pattern.

Latino youth have been between one and a half and two times as likely as White youth to be committed to out-of-home placements. Moreover, data consistently indicate that Latino youth are undercounted, making it likely that the disparity is even more significant.

Our report shows trends in the incarceration of Native American youth that are particularly troubling: the disparity gap between Native American and White youth has risen in every offense category between 1997 and 2013.

No young person should never be removed from his or her home due to a technical violation (e.g. failure to appear, inability to pay restitution). Yet, on a one-day count in 2013, nearly 5,000 youth languished in out-of-home placements as the result of a technical violation. Sixty-seven percent of youth incarcerated for a technical violation were young people of color.

These national trends should be cause for great concern for advocates, youth justice system stakeholders, and communities.

In our report, we recommend several strategies that can resolve some of the roots of racial inequities in the administration of justice and allow youth of color a chance at restorative justice and greater well being.

Download a full copy of our report here.